Uganda Mountain are landforms that rise blatantly above its surroundings, generally displaying sheer slopes, a confined summit area, and considerable local relief.
Generally, Mountains are considered to be larger than hills, however the term has no standardized geological meaning.
Very rarely do Ugandan mountains occur discretely. In most cases, they are found in lengthened ranges or chains. When an array of such ranges is linked together, it establishes a mountain system or mountain belt.
Mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure, and alignment that have arisen from the same cause. These structures also exist in Uganda.
Top five Uganda Mountains
- Mountain Rwenzori
The Ruwenzori, also called Rwenjura, are a range of mountains in eastern equatorial Africa, located on the border between Uganda and the DRC. The highest peak of the Ruwenzori reaches 5,109 metres (16,762 ft), and the range’s upper regions are permanently snow-capped and glaciated.
Another unique thing about Rwenzori Mountain is the National park located on this mountain called Rwenzori National park.
This is an opportunity to the tourists because they explore both the mountain and the national parker features on visiting this place. Therefore never die before visiting this place.
- Mountain Elgon
Mount Elgon is a massive solitary volcanic mountain on the border of eastern Uganda and western Kenya.
Its vast form, 80 kilometres (50 mi) in diameter, rises 3,070 metres (10,070 ft) above the surrounding plains. Its cooler heights offer respite for humans from the hot plains below, and its higher altitudes provide a refuge for flora and fauna.
Like wenzori market, Mountain Elgon also has a notional park and this national park is a home to more than 300 species of birds, such as the Jackson’s Francolin and Black-collared Apalis. Among those limited to just a few mountains in eastern Uganda are the Black-shouldered Kite and Tacazze Sunbird.
The Mountain Elgon area also favors a variety of wildlife including rock and tree hyraxes, blue monkeys, elephant, buffalo, Defassa waterbuck, oribi, bushbuck, duiker, forest hog, bush pig, leopard, and others.
You should visit the place to explore all these beautiful features.
- Mountain Muhavura
This is also another extinct volcano mountain found in Virunga mountains on the border on Uganda and Rwanda. At 4,127 metres (13,540 ft) Muhabura is the third highest of the eight major mountains of the mountain range, which is a part of the Albertine rift.
Muhavura volcano rises to 4127 m at the NE end of the Virunga Range. It is a relatively youthful stratovolcano with a small 40-m-wide lake in its summit crater. The 3474-m-high Gahinga (Mgahinga) volcano is joined to Muhavura on the west by a broad saddle. The two volcanoes have produced basanitic-to-trachyandesitic lavas. A small parasitic crater has been recently active, but the age of the latest eruption of Muhavura is not known.
- Mountain Rwenzori
Rwenzori mountain is adjacent to the town of Moroto in Moroto District, Karamoja, nothern Region of Uganda. It is approximately 3 kilometres (1.9 mi), by road, east of Moroto’s central business district. Mount Moroto is one of a chain of volcanoes along Uganda’s international border with Kenya that begins with Mount Elgon in the south and includes Mount Kadam and Mount Morungole. The region around Mount Moroto is a forest reserve protecting a range of habitats from arid thorn savanna to dry montane forest.
The coordinates of Mount Moroto are 2°31’30.0″N, 34°46’21.0″E (Latitude:2.5250; Longitude:34.7725)
- Mount Gahinga
This mountain is a dormant/extinct volcano in the virunga mountain on the border between Rwanda and Uganda.
Gahinga lies between Muhabura and Sabyinyo, but is the smallest of these three. Mount Gahinga, also known in the local Kinyarwanda/Rufumbira dialect as a small pile of stones, has a swampy caldera on its peak;
The caldera is believed to be about 180 m (591 ft) wide. Mgahinga National park also got its name from this volcano. Mount Gahinga, whose elevation is 3,473 m (11,394 ft), is part of a chain of eight volcanic mountains of the Mufumbiro ranges.
The vegetation across the mountain can be described as afro-montane with bamboo composing the main vegetation.
The bamboo forests on Mount Gahinga are a habitat of the endangered mountain Gorilla. There are several other species of animals and birds that form part of the Mount Gahinga ecosystem. The golden monkeys are notable to these.
Final note on Uganda mountains
Uganda mountains are unique features and I encourage you to visit them to get value for your money because many of them have other unique features like animals, birds and other interesting things.